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|Title:||A LINEAR PROGRAMMING RELAXATION OF THE NODE PACKING PROBLEM OR 2-BICRITICALGRAPHS AND NODE COVERS|
|Authors:||Pulleyblank, William R.|
|Abstract:||The problem of finding a minimum cardinality set of nodes in a graph which meet every edge is of considerable theoretical as well as practical interest. Because of the difficulty of this problem, a linear relaxation of an integer programming model is sometimes used as a heuristic. In fact Nemhauser and Trotter showed that any variables which receive integer values in an optimal solution to the relaxation can retain the same values in an optimal solution to the integer program. We define 2-bicritical graphs and give several characterizations of them. One characterization is that they are precisely the graphs for which an optimal solution to the linear relaxation will have no integer valued variables. Then we show that almost all graphs are 2-bicritical, and hence the linear relaxation almost never helps.|
|Appears in Collections:||Pulleyblank, William|
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