Recent Submissions

  • Students’ views of uncertainty in formal and personal science 

    Schroeder, Meadow; McKeough, Anne M.; Graham, Susan; Norris, Stephen P. (Routledge : Research in Science & Technological Education, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, University of Alberta, publishedVersion, 2018-11)
    Background: Uncertainty is a crucial element of scientific knowledge growth. Students should have some understanding of how science knowledge is developed and why scientific conclusions are considered more or less certain ...
  • Generic language and speaker confidence guide preschoolers' inferences about novel animate kinds 

    Stock, Hayli R; Graham, Susan A; Chambers, Craig G (APA, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, University of Toronto, https://www.apa.org/pubs/databases/audience/publishers-distributors, publishedVersion, 2009-05)
    We investigated the influence of speaker certainty on 156 four-year-old children's sensitivity to generic and nongeneric statements. An inductive inference task was implemented, in which a speaker described a nonobvious ...
  • The Contribution of Trade Books to Early Science Literacy: In and Out of School 

    Schroeder, Meadow; McKeough, Anne M.; Graham, Susan; Stock, Hayli R.; Bisanz, Gay L. (Springer, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, publishedVersion, 2008-01)
    Lifelong science literacy begins with attitudes and interests established early in childhood. The use of trade books (i.e., a literary work intended for sale to the general public) in North American school classrooms to ...
  • Teaching preschoolers about inheritance 

    Schroeder, Meadow; McKeough, Anne M.; Graham, Susan; Stock, Hayli R.; Palmer, Jaime (SAGE : Journal of Early Childhood Research, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, publishedVersion, 2016-01)
    This study aimed to promote advanced reasoning about biological inheritance in four- and five-year-olds. A total of 78 preschoolers (Experimental n = 40; Comparison n = 38) completed pre- and post-test versions of two ...
  • Gender differences in preschoolers’ understanding of the concept of life 

    Schroeder, Meadow; Graham, Susan; McKeough, Anne M.; Stock, Hayli R.; Palmer, Jaime (SAGE : Journal of Early Childhood Research, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, publishedVersion, 2010-01)
    This study investigated gender differences in North American preschoolers’ biological reasoning about the concept of ‘life’. Four-year-olds (M = 4.6, SD = 3.3 months) and five-year-olds (M = 5.6, SD = 3.8 months) were asked ...
  • A New Perspective on Children's Communicative Perspective Taking: When and How Do Children Use Perspective Inferences to Inform Their Comprehension of Spoken Language? 

    San Juan, Valerie; Khu, Melanie; Graham, Susan A. (Society for Research In Child Development, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, publishedVersion, 2015-01)
    Successful communication often requires a listener to reason about a speaker’s perspective to make inferences about communicative intent. Although children can use perspective reasoning to influence their interpretation ...
  • The object of my desire: Five-year-olds rapidly reason about a speaker's desire during referential communication 

    San Juan, Valerie; Chambers, Craig G.; Berman, Jared M. J.; Humphry, Chelsea; Graham, Susan (Elsevier : Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, publishedVersion, 2017-01)
    Two experiments examined whether 5-year-olds draw inferences about desire outcomes that constrain their online interpretation of an utterance. Children were informed of a speaker's positive (Experiment 1) or negative ...
  • 14- to 16-Month-Olds Attend to Distinct Labels in an Inductive Reasoning Task 

    Switzer, Jessica L.; Graham, Susan A. (Frontiers Media S.A., Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, https://www.frontiersin.org/about/policies-and-publication-ethics, publishedVersion, 2017-01)
    We examined how naming objects with unique labels influenced infants' reasoning about the non-obvious properties of novel objects. Seventy 14- to 16-month-olds participated in an imitation-based inductive inference task ...
  • When it is apt to adapt: Flexible reasoning guides children's use of talker identity and disfluency cues 

    Graham, Susan A; Thacker, Justine Marie; Chambers, Craig G.; Graham, Susan A. (Elsevier, Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, University of Toronto, https://www.elsevier.com/about/policies, publishedVersion, 2018-01)
    An eye-tracking methodology was used to examine whether children flexibly engage two voice-based cues, talker identity and disfluency, during language processing. Across two experiments, 5-year-olds (N = 58) were introduced ...
  • Five-Year-Olds' and Adults' Use of Paralinguistic Cues to Overcome Referential Uncertainty 

    Thacker, Justine Marie; Chambers, Craig G.; Graham, Susan A. (Frontiers Media S.A., Arts, Psychology, University of Calgary, University of Toronto, https://www.frontiersin.org/, publishedVersion, 2018-01)
    An eye-tracking methodology was used to explore adults' and children's use of two utterance-based cues to overcome referential uncertainty in real time. Participants were first introduced to two characters with distinct ...

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