The Effect of High-Intensity Exertion on Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5 Subcomponents
AdvisorSchneider, Kathryn J.
Dunn, Jeff F.
AuthorBurma, Joel Stephen
Committee MemberDebert, Chantel Teresa
ClassificationHealth Care Management
Sport Concussion Assessment Tool
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractIntroduction: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5 (SCAT5) is a commonly used assessment tool following a suspected sport-related concussion. However, little is known how SCAT5 subcomponent scores change following high-intensity exertion. Methods: Participants were recruited from the varsity womens rugby and mens and womens wrestling teams at the University of Calgary. The SCAT5 was administered prior to and following the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness test, where the primary outcome measures included: total symptom scores and severity, standardized assessment of concussion, neurological screening, and balance error during the modified balance error scoring system, as measured with the SCAT5. Wilcoxon signed-rank tests were utilized to evaluate differences in ordinal data between pre- and post-exertion. Bonferroni corrections were performed to account for multiple comparisons (0.05/9, p<0.006). Results: Thirty-seven varsity athletes (median age: 19 years, range: 17-23, 28 female) consented to participate in this investigation. The SCAT5 was administered by trained health care professionals a median of 20 minutes (range: 1–47 minutes) following exertion. No differences were found before and after the exertion test for Post-Concussion Symptom Score total number of symptoms (z=1.05, p=0.29), standardized assessment of concussion (z=-1.98, p=0.048), neurological screen (z=0.58, p=0.56), and modified Balance Error System Score (z=0.37, p=0.71). Conclusions: SCAT5 subcomponent scores were not significantly altered following high-intensity exertion in collision and combative varsity athletes. In agreement with previous literature, a 20 minute recovery period appears to be an acceptable timeframe for SCAT5 subcomponent scores to return to resting/baseline levels.
CitationBurma, J. S. (2020). The Effect of High-Intensity Exertion on Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 5 Subcomponents (Unpublished master's thesis). University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.
University of Calgary graduate students retain copyright ownership and moral rights for their thesis. You may use this material in any way that is permitted by the Copyright Act or through licensing that has been assigned to the document. For uses that are not allowable under copyright legislation or licensing, you are required to seek permission.